Muhammad (peace be upon him)* was born in about 570 of the Common Era in the city of Mecca – in what is now the modern country of Saudi Arabia. Muhammed (PBUH) is revered by Muslims as the last and greatest of God’s human prophetic messengers. *Peace be upon him, often abbreviated as “PBUH” in English is a honor that Muslims use when writing or saying the name of their Prophet.
The world Islam means to “surrender” or “submit” to the will of God, and is closely related to the word ‘salam’, which means peace. Thus, Muslims believe that submitting to the will of God is a way to attain inner peace. ‘Allah’ is the word for ‘God‘ in Arabic.
The fundamental belief in Islam is that there is only one God worthy of worship and that Muhammed (PHUH) is the last of a series of prophets sent to humans to show them how to live a rightoeus life.
Islam teaches that all Prophets sent by God came with the same message of monotheism and the belief in the Hearafter, or the life after death. Many Prophets were given holy scriptures and Muslims believe in the original form of those scriptures. The Holy Book that was sent to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the ‘Quran’.
For Muslims, the Holy Quran is the word of God revealed to the Prophet through Angel Gabriel, having been preserved in its original language and text till today. The Quran was revealed in Arabic and has been translated into many languages, including English and Spanish. Muslims all around the world learn to read Arabic so that they can read the Quran.
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