Modern Pagan religions, such as Wicca, are based on ancient faiths from the pre Abrahamic era. In those times people came to believe in religions that had a number of deities, both male and female. Many modern “Neo-Pagan” religions developed over approximately the last 100 years. This was in response to the Enlightenment or other awakening periods in philosophy or the social sciences.
At the core of Wicca and similar Pagan faiths is the concept of duality, specifically the empowerment of women and men through knowledge and acceptance of the Goddess, as equal partner to the God. Many traditions of Wicca work specifically with Gods and Goddesses from the Celtic mythos, but the Graeco-Roman, Norse, and Egyptian pantheons are also in evidence.
Wicca was primarily brought into the public view beginning in the 1940s and thereafter by a retired British civil servant, Gerald Gardner, who is considered the Father of the Wiccan movement. Besides the belief and practice of seasonal rites of the God and Goddess, such as the Equinoxes and Solstices, Wicca also fosters independence, knowledge of magic and nature, belief in Reincarnation and Karma, and compassion for all life. Many Wiccans celebrate their rites on the Full and New Moons, seeing the waxing and waning of our lunar companion as a metaphor for the different phases of life and the Goddess, Herself.
Thanks to: Alan Toubeaux, a practicing Wiccan since 1971. Legally credentialed as a Priest through Covenant of the Goddess, the nation’s oldest and largest professional Wiccan clergy organization [www.cog.org] since 1999.